It was recognised very early in history that a consolidated place for learning was required to impart it to maximum aspirants. This requirement was fulfilled by commissioning multiple faculties of learning in a specific place known in modern parlance as a university. It was a very productive idea that was taken up and such places of collective learning started emerging that now have become legendary. Some of them are in existence since a millennium and have undertaken the valuable task of imparting learning to successive generations.
Al-Azhar University was established in Cairo in 970 A.D. and this university was originally a madrassa, known as the centre of Muslim learning and was highly respected in the Islamic world. Currently, it teaches students many modern disciplines and is widely recognised as an outstanding university.
Bologna University is located in the Italian city of Bologna. It was founded in 1088 and is considered the oldest university in Europe.
Oxford University in the UK was founded in 1096. Oxford has the world’s oldest university museum and is home to the largest university press in the world.
Salamanca University, Spain is the oldest university of the Hispanic world founded in 1134 and was the first European institution to receive the title of university.
Cambridge University in the UK was founded in 1209 after some scholars left Oxford after a dispute involving the execution of a few faculty members.
University of Naples Federico II, Italy is considered the first public university in Europe founded in 1224 by Roman Emperor Frederick II.
Padua University, Italy is similar to Cambridge founded by professors and scholars who left Bologna University in 1222.
Toulouse University in France was founded in 1229 but was briefly closed in 1793 due to the French Revolution.
Coimbra University in Portugal was founded in 1290 and it was initially located in Lisbon. In 1537 it was moved to the city of Coimbra. TW